(Multi-storey) Collective garages offer residents parking spaces for their vehicles and replace parking lots in public spaces or in cost-intensive underground car parks under residential buildings. The concentration of parking spaces in collective garages reduces traffic in the neighbourhood. Embedded in mobility concepts that promote alternatives to the car and the positioning of garages at the borders of new neighbourhoods, distances to other modes of transport are adapted and thus made more attractive (e.g. public transport).
The complexity of the topic - from dealing with the parking space obligation to the business and organisational requirements for the functioning of collective (high) garages - was demonstrated by the ten participants invited to presentations and expert discussions. In particular, the possibilities that a multi-storey garage can offer as a hybrid urban building block were highlighted (combination of parking, retail, sports facilities, mobility stations).
Gerald Franz (Urban Innovation Vienna) introduced the topic and gave a first overview of the legal framework, possible hurdles and first implemented examples. Christoph Kirchberger (aspern.mobil LAB, TU Vienna) presented the mobility concept of the Seestadt Aspern, which, among other things, provides for the construction of several collective garages, of which 8 have already been realised and are in operation.
With the presentation of the study "Quartiersgaragen in Berlin", Johanna Hoffert (Department for Urban Development and Housing Berlin) was able to provide insights into a recently developed guideline which is intended to accompany planners on the way to the realisation of collective garages in urban development areas.
The fact that the use of collective garages in Vienna's urban development areas is still associated with obstacles became clear in the second half of the event. In two discussion rounds, which were attended by representatives of developers and garage operators, the framework conditions to be changed were discussed constructively. The creation of parking spaces in housing drastically increases construction costs and thus also increases prices, rents or reduces qualities in housing. If the legal and organisational framework conditions are adapted accordingly, multi-storey collective garages can be a real urban development alternative, especially if they are used in hybrid form.
You can watch the video of the event here.